Health Policy and Health Economics Pathway of Excellence

The Health Policy and Health Economics Pathway of Excellence (PoE) is 1 of 8 Paths of Excellence the Medical School has developed for medical students to participate in as a way of developing more in-depth knowledge and experiences in a field of interest.

The Health Policy and Health Economics PoE is designed to prepare medical students to assess dilemmas and programs, analyze challenges and opportunities, and adapt tools and scholarship and real-world pragmatic approaches to the study of health policy and health economics within the framework of the health care systems.

Sponsored by the Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, the Health Policy and Health Economics PoE offers students a unique opportunity to access over 400 members from across the schools of medicine, public health, public policy, nursing, dentistry, pharmacy, engineering, law, and social work, who are experts in the fields of health policy, health systems, and health economics. To learn more about the program please visit the Medical Schools website. 


Susan Goold, M.D., M.H.S.A., M.A.

Professor, Internal Medicine, Medical School

Dr. Goold studies the allocation of scarce healthcare resources, especially the perspectives of patients and citizens. Her health services research interests include public perspectives on health and healthcare spending priorities, physicians and stewardship, conflicts of interest in medicine and biomedical research, public health ethics and equity, physician reimbursement and the doctor-patient relationship, deliberative procedures in bioethics and health policy, and the philosophical and empirical study of trust relationships in healthcare settings.


Amir Ghaferi, M.D., M.S.

Assistant Professor, Surgery, Medical School

Dr. Ghaferi’s research explores the mechanisms underlying variations in surgical mortality, specifically the relative role of major complications and “failure to rescue,” that is, a death following a major complication, usually after elective surgery. The concept is a way of evaluating the postoperative period and understanding what happens when a patient has a complication, and the factors that could help prevent them in the first place. He uses a mixed methods approach to better understand the ability of hospitals and healthcare teams to recognize and effectively manage major postoperative complications. Dr. Ghaferi is the director of the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative (MBSQ), a regional, voluntary consortium of hospitals and surgeons that perform bariatric (weight loss) surgery in Michigan. 

Deborah Levine, M.D., M.P.H.

Assistant Professor, Internal Medicine, Medical School

Dr. Levine’s research aims to improve the lives and care of adults with chronic disease. Primary research interests are the epidemiology, prevention, and care of stroke and cognitive impairment, with a focus on vascular risk factors, adherence, and health disparities. Her research includes improving the quality of stroke care; stroke-related dementia and cognitive impairment; and reducing healthcare disparities in cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Jeffrey (Jeff) Kullgren, M.D., M.S., M.P.H.

Assistant Professor, Internal Medicine, Medical School

Dr. Kullgren is interested in how to improve patient decisions about preventive behaviors and the utilization of healthcare services. He also works to identify effective and scalable approaches to promote modification of behavioral risk factors among patients at high risk for developing chronic diseases. This work has involved randomized controlled trials of behavioral economic interventions, like financial and social incentives, to promote weight loss and physical activity. 

Michelle Macy, M.D., M.S.

Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine, Medical School

Dr. Macy’s research training and experience include quantitative and qualitative methods, survey research, and emergency department-based interventions. Her research focuses on two areas: injury prevention through brief emergency department-based interventions to promote size-appropriate child passenger restraint use; and increasing emergency department efficiency and decreasing hospital resource utilization by applying principles of observation medicine.

Administrative Support

Jason Wolfe, M.P.P.A.

Project Manager, IHPI

Mr. Wolfe oversees a portfolio of faculty-led education and training and research projects and supports the implementation of new ones through the Strategic Initiatives Catalyst. Additionally, Mr. Wolfe provides key administrative support in managing and tracking the occupancy and use of IHPI’s workspace  and managing the collection and analysis of bibliometrics and grant awards data for IHPI's  membership. Prior to joining IHPI, Mr. Wolfe worked in the Executive Office of Governor Jennifer Granholm. Mr. Wolfe has a bachelor's degree from Eastern Michigan University and an master's in public policy and administration from Northwestern University.