Barbara Israel, Dr.P.H., M.P.H.
Professor Israel’s research interests include the social determinants of health; the relationship between stress, social support, control and physical and mental health; community empowerment and health; and she has extensive experience conducting community-based participatory research (CBPR) in collaboration with partners in diverse ethnic communities. Some of her CBPR efforts in Detroit include an examination of the social and physical environmental determinants of childhood asthma and intervention strategies aimed at reducing these determinants; diabetes management and prevention; the relationship between psychosocial and physical environmental and biological factors and cardiovascular disease and strategies for addressing these factors; and building capacity for and engaging in policy change aimed at eliminating health disparities. She is also involved in evaluating the role of community health workers in the healthcare system.
- Dr.P.H., Health Education, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- M.P.H., Health Education, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- B.A., Sociology and City and Regional Planning, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Health Services Research & Policy Focus
What are you thinking about?
As the Director of the Detroit Community-Academic Urban Research Center, I am focused on building community-academic research partnerships aimed at better understanding and addressing health inequities in Detroit. We use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach that emphasizes the role of community partners in conducting collaborative research that benefits the communities involved. In conjunction with my academic and community colleagues, my current work through the Healthy Environments Partnership (HEP) and the Community Action Against Asthma (CAAN) partnerships is focused on examining and addressing physical and social environmental factors that can affect health. These partnerships consider the effects of factors such as air pollution and neighborhood stressors on outcomes such as cardiovascular disease (HEP) and childhood asthma (CAAN). This research focuses not only on producing new knowledge, but also on translating and disseminating the research findings in ways that are relevant for grassroots advocacy and policy-making in the community. These CBPR projects address health inequities from a range of perspectives, from walking groups for individuals and groups, to household interventions involving community health workers, to urban planning and neighborhood transformation.
Why is this interesting to you?
I have long been engaged in addressing inequities and social justice through community partnerships and collaboration. CBPR is not a new approach to research, but it is becoming more widespread as researchers are conentrating more on community involvement and ensuring that research outcomes are relevant and useful. This research is focused on bringing community members to the table to have an equal stake in the design, implementation, and translation of health research, with the ultimate goal of improving health status and quality of life in the communities involved.
What are the practical implications for healthcare?
Community-based participatory research involves equitable partnerships for research, shared decision-making and priority-setting, and community training and advocacy. This allows both etiologic research and intervention research to be conducted, while also resulting in practical, evidence-based interventions and policy changes in the community. Affiliated partnerships of the Detroit URC have used this approach to better understand health care coverage, to help develop public health action plans, to help bridge the gap between families and their health care providers, and to facilitate continuing education for health care providers to further enhance their capacity to address the needs of their clients.